Western officials warn: Russian factories cannot produce enough ammunition for the war

Unexploded Russian ammunition on the front near Hostomel - EPA photo, Oleg Petrasyuk

It is considered a consequence of the sanctions from Western countries. The ban on the import of components and parts undermines the capacity of facilities for the production and maintenance of weapons systems

Russia's defense industry cannot produce enough munitions for the amount of ammunition the military is spending in the war in Ukraine, Western sources have warned.

It is considered a consequence of the sanctions from Western countries. The ban on the import of components and parts undermines the capacity of facilities for the production and maintenance of weapons systems.

- We do not believe that Russia has a viable plan, other than to continue fighting, expecting that superiority in personnel and equipment will help it win - an anonymous Western official told Reuters.

Ukraine has been complaining for months that it uses much more ammunition and weapons than it can produce or get from its partners, which has upset the balance of fire on Russia's side. Ukraine, in particular, has run out of shell supplies, with front-line artillery firing five times less than Russian forces.

Western sources note that such a situation can quickly change when Ukraine receives US aid in the amount of 61 billion dollars. Russia, meanwhile, meets its ammunition needs from North Korea and Iran.

- The capacities of the Russian domestic ammunition production are not sufficient to meet the needs of the war in Ukraine - said one of the sources.

The Ukrainian military industry, on the other hand, which was purposely strengthened, already produces more drones than the army can buy, Minister of Technology Mykhailo Fedorov said a month ago.

- We have to increase the funding and expand the markets, so that the prices decrease - said Fedorov.

Drones have been used more in the past two years in Ukraine than in any other military conflict in history. Both sides use drones primarily to observe and track the movements of enemy units, then to liquidate targets on the front, but also as guided missiles for attacks on cities, industrial and infrastructure facilities deep in the enemy's territory. As many as 200 factories in Ukraine today produce drones, and 70 local companies have signed an agreement with the government to supply the military.

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