In the winter season of ice, fractures are common: Fractures, why and when they occur?

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During life, in childhood or later, as a result of carelessness, fall or impact you can get a broken bone or also known as a fracture in different parts of your body: arm, leg, hip, shoulder and the like. . Bone fractures are complete or partial fractures of the bone that occur when more force than can be applied to the bone. The most common fractures are caused by sports injuries, accidents and falls.

Symptoms and types of fractures

The most common symptoms of bone fractures are: Pain, usually at the fracture site; Deformation in the affected area; Inability or restriction of movement; Swelling or bruising; Numbness and tingling; Fever.

If you have any of the above symptoms, seek medical help immediately, who with examination and diagnostic methods such as X-ray or MR will determine the type of fracture and recommend further treatment.

Types of bone fractures

There are different classifications of bone fractures, which are divided according to the cause of the bone fracture, according to the damage and according to the line. The most common fractures are:

According to the cause of the bone fracture

  • Indirect fractures: this is the most common fracture and occurs at a distant point affected by force / pressure.
  • Direct fractures: occur when a stroke causes a fracture at the same point of the stroke.
  • Pathological fractures: occur due to weakening of the bone as a cause of a pathology.
  • Stress fractures: they are the result of excessive and repetitive effort.

According to the damage

  • Closed fracture: the bone and the outside of the body do not communicate and therefore the bone does not protrude through the skin.
  • Open fracture: the bone and the outside of the body communicate, causing perforation of the skin and soft tissues, and the bone protruding. In these cases, there is a risk of infection.
  • Complete fracture: when the bone breaks into two parts.
  • Greenstone fracture: very common in children, occurs when the bone is broken, but does not split in two. This is an incomplete fracture.
  • Simple fracture: the bone ruptures in one piece.
  • Shredded / crushed fracture: the bone breaks into several pieces.

According to the line (physical model of the fracture)

  • Transverse fracture: the fracture path is normal to the major bone axis. It is most often caused by a direct hit.
  • Linear fracture: The fracture is in the same direction as the long axis of the bone, although no part of the bone tissue is displaced.
  • Hair fracture: the line is inclined to the main axis of the bone. It can be non-displaced so that the broken ends are joined or displaced, in case there is a separation between the uni.
  • Spiral fracture: similar to a hair fracture, in this case the fracture line has a spiral path around the axis of the bone.

Diagnosis and repair of fractures can be done in the clinical hospital "Zan Mitrev", where the orthopedic department composed of top doctors is at your disposal. Here patients will receive personalized treatment starting from the diagnosis, rehabilitation, as well as the rehabilitation process.

Get information or make an appointment by phone 02 309 1484.


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