VIDEO INTERVIEW | Jaksic: What was agreed in Ohrid is valid even though there is no signature, there will be penalties for Serbia and Kosovo if they do not implement it
Five days after the marathon negotiations in Ohrid and the achievement of an oral agreement, Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic is struggling to show that he has not signed anything and has no obligation to implement the Implementation Annex reached with Kosovo Prime Minister Albin Kurti, through the mediation of the European Union. So far, it has received clear signals from both Brussels and Washington that it has accepted the Ohrid Agreement and must implement its provisions.
- Confusion is being created which essentially does not exist. According to all the interpretations of international law experts and the various Vienna Conventions, the oral word of the president, prime minister and sometimes the head of diplomacy is as binding for the country as the signed document. Since both President Vucil and Prime Minister Kurti both in Brussels and in Ohrid agreed, in Brussels with the EU's broad plan, in Ohrid with the Annex that speaks precisely about the implementation of the agreement, since that verbal agreement exists, all of this is valid and legally binding and everyone clearly knows that, says Serbian journalist and columnist of "Sloboden Pechat" Bosko Jaksic in the analysis in the show "Utrinski Pechat".
According to Jaksic, the confusion that is being created is due to the pressure on President Vucic from the opposition, which accuses him of betraying Kosovo and capitulating.
- The fact that there is no signature does not change things, what is agreed is agreed and there are no deviations from it. Ultimately, what seems good to me about this agreement is that it also provides for punitive measures. The one who does not implement the contract in the way expected will be sanctioned. The one who implements it will be rewarded by speeding up the European integration process. And it is a novelty that, unlike the previous period, Serbia and Kosovo are monitored separately. Accordingly, everyone can choose with which efficiency they will work and to that extent they will go faster towards the EU. So there is no longer any package arrangement as it existed until now, says Jaksic.
There is nothing in the Ohrid Agreement that is easy or painless for both countries to implement.
-According to the forecast, the first thing that should start with the implementation is the Community of Serbian Municipalities (CMU). It is about 4 municipalities in the north of Kosovo in which the majority are Serbs and six municipalities south of the Ibar river where the Serbs are also in the majority. Until recently, this was the red line of Prime Minister Kurti, who refused to implement that plan, which was agreed upon with the Brussels agreement exactly 10 years ago. For him, it is a very painful thing, but the international negotiators ask Pristina to start immediately with the implementation of the ZSO, and in the meantime there is no more room for maneuver and even less time to resolve things. One thing is clear, that the international mediators from the West are in a much more hurry than the direct actors of this negotiation who have so far shown that due to personal political goals they are often ready to procrastinate, cause incidents and actually support the status quo the quo. That time has passed, and that is why there is talk of a historic chance for the Western Balkans to get rid of its biggest problem, says Jaksic.
Yesterday, Kosovo Prime Minister Albin Kurti tweeted that the Serbian president "rejected his generous offer of self-government for the Kosovo Serbs," through the Community model he would have put together and proposed, and asked "Is he Dr. No or Mr. Njet?" So we know he's not a doctor, Kurti wrote.
- It is still not precisely known according to which model ZSO will be made. There are 15 models in Europe that deal with the self-government of minorities, if it is approved, it remains to be seen when that technical phase of the negotiation on this issue will be opened. A framework has been agreed, what can be said is that it is a concession for Belgrade, why Prime Minister Kurti's demands that the Community must be in line with the Kosovo constitution and the law passed in Pristina have not been accepted. So all that has been rejected and the situation requested by President Vucic has actually been accepted. Now that pressure is directed more towards Pristina and less towards Belgrade. Belgrade will come up on the agenda for some other issues from the European plan, and that is Article 4, which stipulates that Serbia will not prevent Kosovo's membership in international organizations, including the UN, explains Jaksic.
Vucic still claims that he is sticking to his two red lines, that there will be no mutual recognition between Serbia and Kosovo, which no one is asking for, and the second is that he will not allow a seat for Kosovo in the United Nations, which is provided for by the agreement and there is also confusion and contradiction here, which I think is only encouraging Vucic for an internal arrangement to silence those voices of protest coming from various sides in Serbia, primarily from the anti-European, pro-Russian and nationalist right, says Jaksic .
Watch the entire conversation with journalist Bosko Jaksic in the video: