VIDEO | Andonovic: The Russian CSTO military alliance at a turning point or on the verge of disintegration?

CSTO member states / Photo Anton Novoderezhkin / TASS / Profimedia

The meeting of the heads and ministers of foreign affairs of the CSTO member states sent clear signals about the dysfunctionality and possible disintegration of this Russian military alliance.

The evening before the meeting, Yerevan was gripped by a wave of demonstrations demanding the withdrawal of Armenia from this alliance and prominent support for Ukraine.

They also chanted at Putin, whom the crowd called a thief and a murderer. Protests and gatherings of citizens continued during the next day. A meeting was even organized in front of the Russian consulate, where relatives asked for their dead friends and relatives, as well as prisoners from the Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict, and a direct request was sent to the President of the Russian Federation, Vladimir Putin.

Russia, the dominant player in the CSTO, has long been the main arbiter in the South Caucasus, which borders Turkey and Iran, and where Armenia and Azerbaijan have fought two major wars since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.

The attitude towards Moscow has changed dramatically since the Kremlin did not provide military aid in recent clashes with Armenia's main enemy Azerbaijan, which in the last conflict almost completely seized Nagorno-Karabakh, a disputed territory over which there is a decades-long conflict between these two former Soviet republics.

Armenia asked the organization for help in September, but received only a promise to send observers. Pashinyan compared this to the alliance's hasty decision to send troops to CSTO member Kazakhstan to help President Kassim-Jomart Tokayev survive a wave of unrest.

Because of this, the Armenian Prime Minister questioned the effectiveness of the six-member Collective Security Treaty Organization.

A video appeared on social media showing Pashinyan abruptly ending the meeting, without any signed declaration, leaving Putin and Lukashenko speechless.

The Organization of Collective Security CSTO is a regional international organization created on the territory of the former USSR, which is based on security-military cooperation. This is an area that is partially represented within the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). In addition to the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), where the Beijing-Moscow axis, together with the Central Asian countries of the post-Soviet space, is building a security alliance of Eurasian importance, the CSTO represents a narrower military-security alliance of important countries of the post-Soviet space.

Members of the CSTO Collective Security Organization are Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Armenia, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan.


Observer countries are Afghanistan and Serbia, and in negotiations for future members are India, Egypt and Iran, with which they have been negotiating for the last 8 years.

Former members, ie countries that left this union, are Azerbaijan, Georgia and Uzbekistan. All three former Soviet republics left the alliance due to Moscow's belligerent policy, primarily in the military intervention in Georgia.

Now the so-called Russian special military operation in Ukraine is becoming the main motive for the announcement of Kazakhstan and Armenia to leave the CSTO, because they do not agree and do not want to participate in the military actions that Russia is currently conducting.

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