Advice from "Zhan Mitrev" Clinic: Everything about Asperger's syndrome

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Dr. Katerina V. Dimovska, specialist pediatrician, explains the health aspects of Asperger's syndromes about the possible ways to cope in everyday life.

Asperger's syndrome is a neurological condition in which the affected person experiences difficulties at a functional level in social life.
According to the DSM 5-classification, Asperger's syndrome belongs to the wider group of disorders of the autistic spectrum Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD), where conditions are defined and described differently. Each person with Asperger's has their own specific characteristics and goes through completely different experiences and has different symptoms that are unique to that person. However, certain characteristics may be shared such as motor skills, fine motor skills and problems with social intelligence.

Most often, people with Asperger's syndrome do not have a low IQ. On the contrary, it can be normal or high which makes these people successful students and that is why only a small number of cases are detected in childhood. The majority remain undiagnosed until the moment of their inclusion in the social environment, society. It is significant to mention that their path to achieving their life goals is not easy at all. They have difficulties in everyday socialization, in their work environment, in daily routine tasks and in unplanned, sudden social interactions. People with Asperger's syndrome use a special way of focusing and performing the assigned task, described as the "tunnel" method. They do not have the ability to perform several tasks at once (multitasking), so they easily fall into a state of frustration, filled with negative emotions, outbursts of rage and anger. Such a problem in the daily life of a person with Asperger's will change his psychosocial stability and cause him to face a new task. In certain situations, they will be noticed by the environment and will be stigmatized.

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Psychotherapists primarily use a traditional approach through psychodynamics and a cognitive approach. When psychological counseling and psychotherapy are not enough, then other methods of diagnostic tests are included. Electroencephalography or better known as EEG-recording is a neurophysiological method, which gives us important information about chemical reactions and the transfer of neuronal impulses in the brain. Through the EEG recording, the therapist receives information about the nature of the electrical waves, where they come from, whether they indicate other pathological conditions or just explain the existing psychological symptoms. For already started psychological treatment, EEG-recording will allow us to monitor the changes and evaluate the achieved effects of the treatment. The EEG technique has already proven its value in conditions such as ASD, ADHD, sleep and sleep disorders, but also other psychopathological and neurological conditions.

Neuroimaging techniques such as computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), magnetic resonance imaging with flare (fMRI), PET-scanning provide detailed data on the development of the brain and its structure. Through them we detect structural abnormalities, functional insufficiency of the brain, comorbidities and/or degenerative diseases. Many conditions such as autism, addictions, non-epileptic seizures, psychogenic seizures, depression, dementia and even schizophrenia are associated with structural changes in the brain.

The "Zhan Mitrev" clinic has all the above-mentioned diagnostic methods and qualified doctors from the area, who can help facilitate and support the daily functioning of people with Asperger's syndrome. Get information at 02/3091-484

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