"National interest": the Beijing-Moscow-Tehran axis is a new difficult challenge for the world hegemony of the USA

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The ongoing war in Ukraine, China's recent brokering of a rapprochement between Saudi Arabia and Iran, and rising tensions in the Pacific all point to an undeniable truth. and she is that the world witnesses formation of New a system of alliances that want to change the distribution and powerthat of the great powers but also to contribute to changing the image of the dothe current world order, writes the American magazine "National Interest".

The magazine notes in its analysis of this topic that cCurrently, illiberal and partially liberalized countries can be divided into two categories. The first category according to the US think tank it encompasses states that resist liberal democratization as a means of retaining sovereign power over their governments. These states fear or suspect that liberal democratization is accompanied by the erosion of local values ​​in favor of modern, Western ones, or that the arrival of Western liberal NGOs, under the guise of helping to build "civil society", will act as instruments of foreign influence.

However, these states behindupthey have defensive position, while the second category of states according to the National Interest are those who actively seek to challenge the Western-led liberal world order, at the head with Iran, Russia and China as leading examples. The Russian invasion of Ukraine is the most direct and open challenge to SBP and the rules-based liberal international order that Washington supports.

To survive these autocracies' bid for increased multipolarity and weakened American resolve, the Western-led coalition in Ukraine must achieve military and political victory against Russian aggression, the magazine notes.

Last Monday, Chinese President Xi Jinping arrived in Moscow for a three-day visit and had extensive talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin. At the meeting, Beijing confirmed that it shares "similar goals" with Moscow and openly supported Putin despite recent calls for his arrest by the International Criminal Court. Before Xi's visit, China completed an impressive joint military exercise with Iran and Russia near the Gulf of Oman and successfully brokered a normalization deal that restored diplomatic ties between Saudi Arabia and Iran.

As part of its commitment to change the current distribution of power in the international system and the subsequent world order that accompanies it, the Beijing-Moscow-Tehran axis is determined to see as Russia will achieve some kind of territorial victory in Ukraine. China has supported Moscow's efforts by increasing trade with Russia by nearly 30 percent and selling to Russia on a huge number of semiconductors. Tehran's efforts to support Moscow's war can be seen in the vast number of Iranian drones being used to strike civilian and military infrastructure in Ukraine, as well as increased security commitments that may signal the development of a full-fledged defense partnership between the two states. .

Additionally the association of the Beijing-Moscow-Tehran axis requires a general understanding from Washington that the international hegemony enjoyed by America in the past few decades is no longer guaranteed and faces the risk of collapse. A renewed commitment is needed to preserve the liberal world order that is constantly threatened by revanchist states motivated by the pursuit of relative gains. It requires a renewed commitment to geostrategic partners and friends around the world who may have felt sidelined over the last decade by American attempts to rely disproportionately on soft power capabilities while allowing adversaries to muster the necessary hard power, military and economic, to to challenge its hegemony.

To achieve this, the US will need to rethink its grand strategy. This includes strengthening ties with the US with the countries partners in the Pacific when are are questioning the levels of tolerable interdependence between the US and China, rejecting the fantasy that Iran's nuclear program can be reversed or contained through diplomacy.

Last the specified no mcan be achieved in the short term. However iand yes ce pи that, the Biden administration and itsе European partners they have to increase the number of systems Џavelin, howitzers, ammunition, anti-aircraft defense systems, armored vehicles and aircraft being sent to Ukraine.

But pWestern intervention in Ukraine will not deter opponents of the United States in the bay forever. However, it will give America and Europe the opportunity to invest in much-needed conventional hard power to continue to deter their adversaries, mainly in the Middle East and the Pacific. This will require very difficult conversations in Washington and European capitals, but they will be necessary to preserve the rules-based liberal international order.

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