Macedonian artist Nikola Martinoski passed away today

Self-portrait of Nikola Martinoski (1949/1950)

On this day, in 1973, the prominent Macedonian artist passed away Nikola Martinoski. He is considered one of the most important figures for the development of Macedonian culture in the XNUMXth century.

Martinoski was born on August 18, 1903 in Krushevo, as Nicolace Martin – one of the four children of the respectable Vlach family of Costa и Anushka Martin. Until 1930, his surname was Martin or Martini.

"Mother" (1945)

In 1906, the Martin family moved to Skopje. Nikola Martinoski began his education in the Romanian primary school in Skopje (1910), and in the Serbian secondary school in Skopje (from 1918 to 1920) he began to show interest in drawing. In 1919, together with Tomo Vladimirski, worked in the studio of the last Macedonian painter Dimitar Andonov Papradiski.

Although after the death of his father, the financial situation of the family was not good, Nicola Martinoski managed to continue his education in Bucharest, so from 1920 to 1927 he attended the School of Fine Arts. He followed the courses in drawing, decorative art and painting with the professors George Mirea и Camille Resou, and sculpture by a professor Dimitrie Pachurea. At the end of his schooling, Martinoski was awarded the first prize for painting.

"Portrait of a Girl" (1942) | "Smiling Girl" (1944)

After his studies, he briefly stayed in Skopje, where he immediately took part in the artistic life of the city, which until 1927 was completely undeveloped. That year Dimitar Pandilov и Lazar Lichenoski they had their first solo exhibitions, and together with Martinoski they also exhibited at a group exhibition.

The stay in Paris, from 1927 to the end of 1928, is the most important moment and turning point in Martinoski's artistic development. There he attended the famous Grand Chaumier and Ranson academies.

"Carolers" (1941) | "Ramadan" (1952)

After his return to Macedonia, apart from the introduction of European modern painting tendencies characteristic of the Paris School in these areas, he also stood out with his social activity. Martinoski is the initiator and head of the formation of the Secondary Art School in Skopje, the Society of Fine Artists, the Art Gallery in Skopje or today known as the National Gallery of Macedonia, participates in the formation of the Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, institutions that are still the main carriers today elements of Macedonian cultural life. His artworks are in the collections of several museums and galleries, as well as in a number of private collections in the country and abroad.

"Gypsy" (1965) | "Gypsy" (1970)

Martinoski had several solo exhibitions before and after the war. The first exhibition was in 1929 in Skopje, followed by exhibitions in Belgrade, Zagreb, Ljubljana, Paris, Dijon and other places. He exhibited as a group in many European countries and in the country with paintings, drawings and graphics, such as the exhibition "The Art of the Soil of Yugoslavia" in Paris in 1971 and so on. Before the war, he made several murals in Skopje.

In 1968, in Krushevo, it was founded Nikola Martinoski Gallery, with several works that he gave to his hometown.

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