On this day - September 7
1566 - In the Battle of Sziget, which was surrounded by the Turkish army of Suleiman II the Magnificent, the Croatian ban Nikola биubi З Zrinski dies.
1701 - A treaty is signed in The Hague between England, Austria and the Netherlands against France, the "Second Great Alliance".
1714 - Emperor Charles VI signs Badensky with the French at Rachstad, ending the Spanish War of Independence, and Alsace and Strasbourg are annexed by the French.
1764 - Russian ombudsman Stanislaw Poniatowski, the last Polish monarch, is crowned King of Poland. During his reign (until 1795), Russia, Prussia and Austria made three divisions of Poland, which was restored as an independent state in 1918.
1788 - The Turks capture and then kill the leader of the Serbian volunteers in the Austro-Turkish War, Koca Andjelkovic, known as Captain Koca. According to him, the struggle of Serbian volunteers in this war was called Kochina Krajina.
1812 - The Battle of Borodino, one of the bloodiest of the Napoleonic Wars, ends, in which the Russians, under Kutuzov, lose 44.000 troops near Moscow, and Napoleon loses 50.000, including 23 generals. One week later, Napoleon entered Moscow.
1813 - The name "Uncle Sam" is first used in the United States in an editorial in the New York newspaper Troy Post.
1822 - Brazil's governor, Prince Pedro, declares independence from Portugal and becomes emperor. Portugal recognized Brazil's independence in 1828.
1860 - Italian revolutionary Ususepe Ususepe takes Naples in his "red shirts" in a war to liberate the Austrians and unite Italy.
1901 - The Beijing Protocol ends the Boxing Uprising in China. Rebellion against foreigners was suppressed by European powers, Japan and the United States, and China was forced to pay compensation for their property destroyed during the uprising.
1909 - American film and theater director Elijah Kazan is born, winner of several Oscars ("Tram in the Name of Desire", "Viva Zapata", "East of Paradise", "Baby Doll").
1914 - American physicist James Alfred van Allen is born. Using Geiger-Miller counters mounted on the Explorer 1 and Explorer 2 artificial satellites in 1958, he discovered two bands of amplified radiation around the planet Earth, which were later called "Van Ellen Beam Belts".
1940 - German air force under Hermann Goering begins bombing London. More than 300 people were killed on the first day.
1949 - Mexican painter Jose Clemente Orosco dies. Considered the greatest fresco painter of the 20th century, he decorated many buildings in Mexico and the United States.
1964 - The cornerstone of the future hydroelectric power plant is laid in Sip on the Yugoslav Danube coast, and in Gura Vaja, Romania, in the presence of the presidents of Yugoslavia and Romania, Josip Broz Tito and George Georgiou Day.
1975 - Turkish relocation to divided Cyprus ends. Under UN supervision, 9.000 people were displaced from the south to the north of the country, under Turkish occupation.
1986 - Desmond Tutu becomes Archbishop of Cape Town, South Africa, as the first black man in South Africa.
1990 - In response to the 1989 revision of the Serbian Constitution, which significantly reduced the autonomous government of the provinces of Vojvodina and Kosovo, 144 Albanian delegates to the Kosovo Assembly proclaimed the Constitution of the Republic of Kosovo in Kacanik.
1991 - The International Peace Conference on Yugoslavia begins in The Hague. All members of the Presidency of the SFR Yugoslavia, the Prime Minister of the Federal Government and six Presidents of the Yugoslav Republics participated in the work of the conference. The President of the Conference, at which the Declaration on the Peaceful Settlement of the Yugoslav Crisis was adopted, was Lord Carrington.
1994 - The American flag is lowered for the last time at the US Army Command in Berlin, formally ending the US military presence in Berlin after almost half a century.
1997 - Mobutu Cese Seko, president and dictator of Zaire, dies in exile in Morocco from 1965 to 1997, when he is overthrown by Laurent Kabila (Laurent).
1999 - An earthquake near Athens, one of the strongest in Greece in 40 years, kills 101 people.
2001 - Christian-Muslim clashes erupt in the Nigerian city of Osos, setting fire to churches and mosques. According to the Red Cross, in less than a week of violence, at least 500 people were killed and hundreds injured.
2004 - Bayers Nood, a South African priest, one of the few whites to symbolize resistance during the apartheid years, dies.
2005 - Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak wins his fifth term as head of state. For the first time, several candidates participated in these elections.