On this day - November 30
1508.- Italian architect Andrea Palladio was born. He developed a modern style based on the classical principles of Roman construction and was one of the most important representatives of the late Renaissance. It was characterized by an extraordinary sense of monumental and functional construction. He built churches, palaces, villas, military buildings, parks and other urban units, most notably in Vincenzo and Venice, including the famous Rotund villa near Vincenzo and the Rotundor church in Venice. He published his theoretical views in the work "Four Books on Architecture".
1667.- Born in Dublin was Jonathan Swift, the greatest English satirist and one of the most keen critics of human nature and social processes. His best-known works are Gulliver's Travels, The Battle of the Books, and The Barrel Tale. He died in Dublin on October 19, 1745.
1718.- Swedish King Charles XII was killed during the siege of Fredriks at the beginning of the Swedish invasion of Norway. During the reign of 1697 he devoted himself mainly to war.
1835.- Mark Twain, a great American writer, humorist and journalist, was born. His literary work is great. Among the best works are those with themes from life along the Mississippi River and its banks. His most translated works are The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, and The Life of Mississippi. He died on April 21, 1910.
1853.- Russia destroyed the Turkish fleet in the Crimean War near the Black Sea port of Sinope.
1872.- The first international football match between the national teams of England and Scotland was played in Glasgow, which ended with a score of 0: 0.
1874.- Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, British statesman and writer, was born. He served as an officer from 1897 to 1898 in the colonies (India, Sudan), then became Undersecretary of State for Colonies, Minister of Trade and Home Affairs and First Lord of the Admiralty. In the most difficult days for England, in World War II, he was Prime Minister and leader of the Conservative Party. Together with Stalin and Roosevelt he made a decisive contribution to the victory over fascism and the Axis powers. He is known as "World War II", "My African Journey", "History of World War II", and others. In 1953 he received the Nobel Prize for Literature. He died on October 24, 1965.
1894.- The Macedonian revolutionary Goce Delchev (personally by Dame Gruev) was accepted as a member of VMRO.
1939.- The Hungarian revolutionary Bela Kun, the leader of the Hungarian Revolution of 1919, was shot.
1939.- More than 20 Soviet divisions launched an attack on Finland "Snake War", which ended with a peace treaty in March 1940. With the peace treaty, Finland was forced to give up the city of Viborg.
1966.- Barbados, one of the islands of the Lesser Antilles, which was a British colony for 300 years, declared independence.
1971.- The Soviet Mars-2 automatic station entered orbit around Mars and landed a special Soviet-flagged capsule on its surface.
1975.- The African country of Dahomey changed its name to Benin. It was an integral part of French West Africa until 1960, when it became independent.
1986.- English-American film actor Carrie Grand has died. Movies: "Terrible Truth", "Only Angels Have Wings", "Philadelphia Story", "Arsenic and Old Lace", "Suspicious", "Day and Night", "Monkey Things", "North-Northwest".
1996.- The government and rebels in the African country of Sierra Leone have signed an agreement to end the six-year civil war.
1998.- The Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia elected the new Government of the Republic of Macedonia headed by the Prime Minister Ljubco Georgievski.
2000.- The President of the Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia Savo Klimovski resigned from this position, and Stojan Andov was elected President of the Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia.
2002.- Turkey has lifted a state of emergency in the southeast of the country after 15 years, where at least 30.000 people, including many civilians, were killed during the Kurdish uprising.
2004.- The Republic of Macedonia has established diplomatic relations with the Republic of Benin and Burkina Faso.
2007.- A passenger plane belonging to the private Turkish company Atlas Jeter crashed, killing 56 passengers, seven of whom were crew members. The plane crashed in the mountains near the city of Ispart, about 150km north of the famous Antalya tourist center in southern Turkey. The plane took off from Istanbul and disappeared from radar screens just before landing at Suleyman Demirel Airport in Ispart.
2016.- The creator of the famous "Big Mac" sandwich, Jim Deligati, has died at the age of 98. The popular sandwich first appeared on the menu of a Pittsburgh restaurant chain run by Deligati. After achieving local success, McDonald's executives took the idea and introduced the "Big Mac" across the United States in 1968.