On this day - November 28

on today's day
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1520.- Portuguese navigator Fernando Magellan sailed into the Pacific, crossing the South American Strait that bears his name today.

1680.- Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini, Italian architect, sculptor, painter, writer, director and organizer of public festivities, died in Rome. As one of the main representatives of the Baroque, he had an impact on 18th century architecture. He was born in Naples on December 7, 1598.



1806.- Napoleon Bonaparte's French army entered Warsaw.

1820.- Born Friedrich Engels, an English revolutionary, philosopher, socialist and scientist and collaborator with Karl Marx, in Barmen, Prussia. His most famous works are: "The Dialectic of Nature", "Anti Deering", "The Development of Socialism from Utopia to Science", "Ludwig Feuerbach and the End of Classical German Ideology" and others. He died in London on August 5, 1895.

1821.- Panama declared independence from Spain and joined Colombia.

1829.- Anton Grigorievich Rubinstein, Russian piano virtuoso and composer, founder of Conservatism in Petrograd, was born. He composed operas, piano compositions, solo songs and more. As a composer, he belonged to the so-called cosmopolitan direction as opposed to the "Russian Five". He died on November 20, 1894.

1881.- The Austrian writer and one of the greatest intellectuals of the twentieth century, Stefan Zweig, was born. Works: "Amok", "First Experience", "Joseph Fouche", "Marie Antoinette", "The Triumph and Tragedy of Erasmus of Rotterdam", "Maria Stewart", "Yesterday's World".

1905.- Irish nationalist Arthur Griffith founded the Sinn Féin party in Dublin, whose main task was to fight for Irish independence from Britain.

1907.- The writer Alberto Moravia was born in Rome (his real last name is Pinkerle). He achieved world fame with his novels in which he dealt with the moral stratification of the Italian bourgeoisie. He has worked on many literary genres, including plays, short stories and essays. He dealt with film and theater criticism. His most famous works are: "Roman", "Conformist", "Cocara", "Contempt", "Roman Stories", "New Roman Stories", "Boring" and others. He died in Rome on September 26, 1990.

1918.- Bessarabia was annexed by Romania.

1918.- Shukri Ramo was born in Stip, a poet, short story writer and literary critic of Turkish nationality in Macedonia. He is the author of the books of poetry "The homeland is one, do not forget", "Wreath", "Welcome", the collections "Field flowers", "With the fire to the stars" and other works. He died in Skopje, on November 18, 1988.

1919.- Nancy Esther was the first woman elected to the British Parliament.

1942.- A fire that destroyed a nightclub in the American city of Boston killed about 500 people.

1943.- A conference between US President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Churchill and Soviet Prime Minister Stalin has begun in Tehran. The conference discussed the further conduct of the war with Germany, the post-war arrangement of Europe and more. The conference ended on December 1.

1945.- The American tennis player and politician Dwight Davis, who founded the Davis Cup tennis competition in 1900, has died. Dwight Davis was also US Secretary of War from 1925 to 1929 and Governor-General of the United States in the Philippines from 1929 to 1932.

1954.- Italian nuclear physicist Enrico Fermi, winner of the 1938 Nobel Prize in Physics, has died. He founded the theory of neutron motion, and during World War II in the United States, where he emigrated from Italy in 1938, he led the construction of the first nuclear reactor at the University of Chicago. Several terms in nuclear physics are named after him: "Fermi's selection rule", "Fermi's model of gases", "Fermieva" age "of the neutron".

1960.- Mauritania, a country in West Africa, has become an independent Islamic republic. Until then, it was an integral part of French West Africa.

1971.- Jordanian Prime Minister Wasfi Tel was assassinated by members of the Palestinian terrorist organization "Black September" in Cairo, where he arrived to attend the Arab Conference.

1989.- Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi has resigned following the election defeat.

1990.- Singaporean Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew was ousted after 31 years in power.

1991.- Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi has said he will not hand over two Libyans accused of planting a bomb on a US passenger plane that crashed in Scotland (Lockerbie).

1994.- The Norwegians refused to join the European Union in a referendum.

1995.- The Czech Republic became the 26th member of the OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development).

1997.- The Embassy of Austria in the Republic of Macedonia was officially opened in Skopje.

2001.- Bozidar Todorovski-Bodle, Macedonian poet, painter and director, died in Skopje. He is the author of the poetry books "Boomerang", "Disagreements", "Sonnet Wreath of the Unrecognized", "Wild Horse", "Bitter Wafer" and "Bohemian Evils". He was born in Prilep, on August 11, 1933.

2002.- A car bomb has exploded at an Iraqi police recruiting center at Kisak, killing at least 13 people, including 10 Kenyans and three Israelis, at a hotel full of Israeli tourists. Almost simultaneously, they fired two anti-aircraft missiles at an Israeli passenger plane, but the missiles, thanks to the sobriety of the pilots, missed them, saving 261 lives.

2004.- A gas explosion at the Chengjiashan coal mine in northern China has killed 166 miners.

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