On this day - December 2

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1547.- The Spanish conqueror Hernan Cortes died, who, thanks to firearms unknown to the natives, conquered most of present-day Mexico between 1519 and 1521 with only 700 troops, destroying the Aztec empire. In 1522 he became governor of New Spain.

1804.- Napoleon Bonaparte was crowned Emperor of France Napoleon I in Paris by Pope Pius VII.

1805.- At the Battle of Austerlitz, known as the "Battle of the Three Kingdoms", Napoleon I's French army of 75.000 defeated the Russian and Austrian armies, which lost 70.000 of the 95.000 men.

1814.- French writer Donassien Alphonse François de Sade, known as Macriz de Sade, has died. Because he was famous for his lavish life and various aspects of his surname, the term sadism was derived. His political role is little known, but he was a great supporter of the revolution and an extremely great enemy of Christianity. French Emperor Napoleon I ordered him imprisoned in a hospital for mental illness. His most famous works are the novels Justina…, 120 Days in Sodom and The Philosophy of the Boudoir.

1823.- Under the motto "America of the Americans", US President James Monroe published the "Monroe Doctrine", which opposed the violent suppression of riots in the Spanish and Portuguese colonies on the American continent. The doctrine expressed the interest of the ruling circles in the United States to control the continent, not the European capitals.

1852.- The second French empire was proclaimed with Emperor Napoleon III.

1859.- The U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation captured the severely wounded black leader John Brown and hanged him. His struggle was widespread and preceded the Civil War (1861-1865) between the North and South of the United States. John Brown was born in 1800.

1884.- Born in Skopje, Yahya Kemal Beyatli (real name Ahmet Ayjah), Turkish poet, one of the founders of contemporary Turkish poetry. He died in Istanbul on November 1, 1958.

1889.- Born in London, John Barbiroli, one of the world's greatest conductors, founder of the Barbiroli Chamber Orchestra, conductor of the Covent Garden Opera, director of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra and conductor of the Halle Orchestra in Manchester. He died in London on July 27, 1970.

1901.- American inventor King Camp Gillette patented the first double-edged razor.

1942.- The process of nuclear fission was practically carried out in Chicago for the first time. The experiment was successfully performed by scientists working on a secret project to produce the first atomic bomb.

1944.- With the opening of the first bus line on the route Skopje - Bitola and Prilep - Bitola and the mobilization of the four available buses, the new history of bus traffic in Macedonia began.

1946.- After fighting between partisans and the Greek government army on the Florina-Psoderi road, Greek authorities began terrorizing the village of Buff. About 200 police officers and 80 armed monarchists from nearby villages carried out looting, burning and devastation. 46 barns, barns, mills were burned, and 28 innocent Macedonians were brutally tortured.

1956.- Fidel Castro and a small group of Cuban revolutionaries landed in Cuba and started a successful struggle, which ended with the overthrow of the dictatorial Baista regime.

1971.- The Soviet spacecraft "Mars 3" landed on the planet Mars.

1971.- The six emirates in the Persian Gulf - Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm al-Quwain and Fujairah - formed the United Arab Emirates on the basis of an agreement reached in July 1971, which was joined in February 1972 by the emirate. Caym.

1972.- A fire that broke out during a pop festival in the South Korean capital Seoul has killed at least 50 people.

1974.- Lajos Zilahi, a Hungarian writer, has died. His most notable works are the novels "Captives", "Revenge of the Weapons", "Deserter", "Ararat" and "The Angry Angel".

1982.- Surgeons led by Dr. William de Vries at the University of Utah Clinic in the American city of Salt Lake City implanted the world's first artificial heart made of polyurethane. The patient with that heart lived for 112 days.

1990.- Following the unification of Germany, Chancellor Helmut Kohl's coalition won the first German election by a large majority.

1993.- France has officially announced that it will establish diplomatic relations with the Republic of Macedonia.

1998.- The Government of the Republic of Macedonia has made a decision for the arrival of NATO forces in the Republic of Macedonia in order to withdraw the OSCE Verification Mission in Kosovo.

2001.- Bankrupt, the seventh largest US company and the world's leading electricity and gas trader Enron. It was the largest bankruptcy in US history.

2004.- The European Union (EUFOR) has taken control of all operations in Bosnia and Herzegovina from NATO-led SFOR.

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