On this day - September 18

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1753.- Christopher Zhefarovich, one of the earliest Macedonian revivalists, a priest, a writer, an artist, died in Moscow. He spoke almost all Balkan languages, and knew Latin. He was one of the best and most influential artists in the Balkans. He is the author of the book with religious content "Teaching of the Holy and Newly Founded Language" and "Description of the Holy City of God Jerusalem", as well as the book with secular content "Stematography", which has a special meaning for heraldry. He was born in Dojran, around 1800.

1759.- After the military defeat, the French had to cede the provinces of Quebec and Canada to the British. The commanders - the British James Wolf and the Frenchman Louis Moncalm - were also killed in the last battle.

1810.- An uprising against Spanish colonial rule began in Chile under the leadership of Bernard O'Igins.

1819.- French physicist Jean-Bernard Leon Foucault was born, who together with Armand Hippolyte Louis Fizo measured the speed of light.

1820.- French mathematician and physicist Andre-Marie Ampere published his theory of the electromagnetic field. His discoveries are of great significance in the field of electric magnetism.

1851.- In New York, USA, the first issue of the New York Daily Times, one of the most widely circulated newspapers in the world, was published.

1876.- Milan Rakic, a Serbian writer, theater critic, verse reformer and academic, was born in Belgrade. His poems are among the best poetry in Serbian lyric poetry in the 20th century. Works: "Songs" and "New songs, songs". He was born in Zagreb, on June 30, 1938.

1895.- Ivo Tijardovi, was born in Split, a Croatian composer, librettist, painter and set designer, conductor and theater director in Split and Zagreb. He wrote eight operettas and three operas. He is known for the operettas "Little Florami", "Split watercolor", the opera "Marco Polo" and other works. The operetta "Little Florina" was first staged at the Macedonian National Theater in 1957. He died in Zagreb on March 19, 1976.

1905.- Greta Garbgo (Greta Louisa Gustafon), a Swedish actress, one of the greatest legends in Hollywood, was born in Stockholm. He died in New York on April 15, 1990.

1911.- Russian Prime Minister Petar Arkadyevich Stolypin has died, the head of government since 1906 who boosted the Russian economy through economic reforms. Rapid agricultural and agrarian reforms have allowed Russia to produce surplus food.

1912.- Gustav Vlahov was born in Istanbul, a Macedonian revolutionary, political worker, diplomat and holder of the "Partisan Memorial 1941". He is the son of the Macedonian revolutionary Dimitar Vlahov, who had a great influence on Gustav joining the revolutionary movement early. He has been a member of the CPY since 1933. Gustav Vlahov served in the ranks of the Red Army in the defense of Moscow, performing various responsible military duties. After his release, he performed responsible duties in Macedonia and in the federal bodies of the SFRY. He died in Belgrade on January 16, 1991.

1929.- Dragan Bogdanovski, one of the most famous political emigrants and creator and honorary president of VMRO-DPMNE, was born in the village of Klechovce, Kumanovo region. He was buried in Kumanovo, on August 1, 1998. Died in Copenhagen, Denmark, in May 1998.

1931.- After provoking the Mukden incident, the Japanese launched an attack on northeastern China (Manchuria) and occupied this Asian area. The occupation lasted until 1945 when Soviet troops expelled the Japanese.

1934.- The USSR joined the League of Nations, but was later expelled on December 14, 1939, following an attack on Finland.

1938.- Bosko Smakoski, a Macedonian writer, was born in the village of Modric, Debar region. Work: "May Bells", "While It Rains", "Blue Notebook", "Big and Small", "Life is the Hardest Craft" and his latest work "Summer of God, Summer of the Devil". He died in Skopje on March 13, 1998.

1944.- The German units that were withdrawing from Greece invaded Strumica, but failed to establish an occupying power, nor to prevent the bodies of the people's government from performing their duty.

1961.- A plane crash in northern Rhodesia has killed Swedish diplomat Heilmar Agne Doug Hammarscheld, a doctor of philosophy and academician since 1953, in circumstances that have not been clarified. He was struck by death as he led a mission to resolve the Congolese crisis, in which his views were not to the liking of influential Western nations. He was posthumously awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

1962.- In Beirut, the phalanx and right-wingers of Major Saad Haddad in the Palestinian camps, according to Yasser Arafat, killed about 3.000 people.

1964.- Irish writer Sean O'Keefe, famous playwright, has died. In his youth he was a manual worker and a communist, an organizer of the Irish Civil Army and a fighter for a free Ireland.

1973.- The UN General Assembly received the members of the Federal Republic of Germany, the Federal Republic of Germany and the Bahamas.

1978.- Egyptian Foreign Minister Ibrahim Kamel and US Ambassador Ashraf Gorbal resigned in protest of the Egyptian-Israeli agreement at Camp David.

1981.- The death penalty has been abolished in France.

1982.- The Lebanese Christian militia carried out the massacre in the Palestinian refugee camps of Sabar and Shatila in Beirut, in which they killed at least 800 people, taking revenge on the Islamic terrorists who killed the Christian leader and Lebanese President-elect Beshir Jamal four days before the massacre.

1987.- Dragi Krstevski - Amfi, one of the most famous Macedonian artists, member of the "Drama" at the Macedonian National Theater, died. He was born in 1929.

1996.- Risto Nichevski, Macedonian international chess master, died in Yerevan, Armenia. He was born in Bitola, on June 28, 1945.

1993.- About 2.000 volunteers marched on the town of Sukhumi in response to an appeal by Georgian President Eduard Shevardnadze to take up arms against Abkhaz separatists.

1997.- Islamic terrorists in central Cairo attacked a tourist bus, killing nine German tourists and an Egyptian driver.

2001.- US President George W. Bush has signed a document authorizing military action against those responsible for the 11/XNUMX terrorist attacks in New York and Washington.

2005.- Afghanistan has held parliamentary and local elections for the first time since 1969.

2005.- Yegor Yakovlev, a Russian journalist and writer, died. He is a symbol of the democratic changes of the perestroika period, who, as editor-in-chief of the Moscow Novosti newspaper from 1986 to 1991, turned the newspaper into a gathering place for intellectuals who supported fundamental change in Soviet Russia.

2006.- More than 120 protesters and more than 100 police officers were injured in large-scale demonstrations in Budapest. The demonstration was provoked by the recording of the statement of the Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsany, in which he says that "the members of the coalition in the past year and a half (since he came to power) have been constantly lying to the citizens". Among the militant protesters was Laszlo Torocki, leader of the pro-Nazi movement "64 counties".

2014.- The writer Milutin Bebekoski died in his native village Vevcani, after a long illness. He has been a member of the Writers' Association of Macedonia since 1973. As a poet and writer for children, Milutin Bebekoski left a rich opus with values ​​that are embedded in the development processes of contemporary Macedonian literature. He is the author of a dozen books of poetry, including "Swings Under the Rainbow", "Star Trumpet", "Star Button", "Mills" and "Drenotsut". He is the winner of the RTV Skopje award for his work. Bebekoski was born in 1941

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