On this day - October 17
1760.- Claude Henri Saint-Simon, French socialist, utopian and philosopher, was born. Regardless of the idealistic understanding of the forces of social development, he came closer to the materialist understanding of history. He died on May 19, 1825.
1797.- In the Italian village of Campoformio, Austria and France made peace with the abolition of the Venetian Republic. France took the Venetian properties in Albania and the islands in the Ionian Sea, and Austria - Venice, Istria, Kvarner, Dalmatia and Boca Kotor.
1849.- Frederic François Chopin, a Polish composer and pianist known as the piano poet, died in Paris. He composed exclusively piano music, enriched with new means of expression, especially in terms of harmony, form and piano technique. He was born in Railway Station, Warsaw, on March 1, 1810.
1855.- The English engineer Henry Bessemer patented his great invention - the production of steel from raw iron - the so-called Bessemer Steel.
1878.- The Kresna uprising of the Macedonian people against the Ottoman rule broke out, and for the liberation of Macedonia and the creation of an independent state. About 400 insurgents, led by Dimitar Pop Georgiev-Berovski and Duke Stojan Karastoilov, attacked the village of Kresna, where the Ottoman barracks were located. At the same time, they captured the barracks and liberated several places where a people's government was created. The uprising was not suppressed until June next year.
1907.- The first radiotelegraphic connection was established between Europe and North America. Radio communication between the two continents proved to be much more practical than telephone communication, which required expensive underwater cables.
1912.- The Italian priest Albino Luciani, who was the head of the Roman Catholic Church for only 33 days, was born under the name John Paul I. He died under unclear circumstances, but officially from a heart attack. The suspicion that he was poisoned by reform ideas contrary to the interests of the top of the Vatican Curia remained.
1915.- American writer Arthur Miller, one of the best playwrights of the 20th century, was born. Works: "All My Sons", "The Death of a Trade Traveler", "The Witches of Salem", "View from the Bridge", "After the Fall" and others.
1918.- American film actress Margarita Carmen Cancino, known as Rita Hayworth, a Hollywood sex symbol of the 20s, was born. Movies: "Only Angels Have Wings", "You Will Never Get Rich", "The Lady from Shanghai".
1919.- Chinese politician Zhao Qiang was born, who as prime minister was the architect of economic reform in the 20s.
1920.- American journalist and revolutionary John Reed has died. His works "The Ten Days That Shook the World" and "Red Russia" are the best chronicle of the October Revolution. After dying of typhus, he was buried under the walls of the Kremlin in Moscow.
1935.- Dr. Albert Einstein, a world-renowned scientist and author of the theory of relativity, arrived in the United States as a refugee from Nazi Germany.
1945.- After a wave of mass protests by the disenfranchised "shirtless", Colonel Juan Perронn came to power in Argentina and addressed a rally in Buenos Aires in front of 300.000 people.
1961.- In Paris, clashes between French police and Algerian protesters protesting against the French colonial rule in their country, according to the official version, killed three, but according to the human rights organization, the death toll was more than 240.
1982.- Mario Del Monaco, one of the most famous Venetian tenors, died in Venice. He was born in Florence on July 27, 1915.
1991.- After a seven-year break in the electric furnace, which was switched on on September 3, 1991, FENIMAK smelters produced the first tons of nickel.
1994.- At the conference of the International Financial Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO), held in Tokyo from 16 to 22 October, the Republic of Macedonia was accepted as a full member.
1994.- Jordan and Israel have reached a historic peace agreement that ended their martial law after 46 years.
1997.- Ernesto "Che" Guevara was buried in Cuba (he was killed in Bolivia). The remains of the legendary guerrilla leader were laid to rest in a mausoleum in the city of Santa Clara.
1998.- At the request of Spain, a former Chilean dictator, Augusto Pinochet, has been arrested in London for recovering from an operation for the murder of hundreds of Spanish nationals during Chile's dictatorial rule.
2003.- In the Taiwanese capital, a skyscraper called Taipei 101 reached a height of 508 meters, surpassing the largest Petronas Tower in Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia.
2006.- At least 60 people were injured, 15 of them in critical condition when two subway trains collided at Rome Central Station.
2017.- The first ballet dancer, Jagoda Slaneva, died. Slaneva (1949) worked in the MOB ballet from 1968 until her retirement in 1993. In the ballet performances she performed as Shirin in "Legend of Love", Sulamka in "Song of Songs", Dojrana in "Labin and Dojrana", Marija in "Bahchisarajska Fountain", Kitri in "Don Quixote", Snezana in "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" ", Juliet in" Romeo and Juliet ", Bell in" Peter Pan ", Carmen in" Carmen Suite "and many others. As a choreographer he set "Mansard", "Farewell to Tanya", "Richard III", "A Tale of Tales" and others. On the opera stage he performed in "Orpheus and Eurydice" and "Sold Bride", and as a tutor in "Rasputin", "Don Quixote", "Carmina Burana" (where he was also an assistant choreographer), "Pink Floyd Revisited" and others.