On this day - September 14
1262.- The forces of the Castilian king Alfonso X el Sabio captured the port of Cadiz on the Atlantic coast, ending the five-century Moorish occupation of the city.
1321.- Italian writer, philosopher and political thinker Allegheri Durante, known as Dante Alighieri, has died. He studied languages, law and philosophy, and engaged in politics, for which he was expelled from his native Florence in 1302.
1523.- Pope Adrian VI, the only Dutch head of the Roman Catholic Church in its history, has died. His pontificate lasted less than two years in which he did not realize his idea of uniting European countries in the fight against the Ottoman Empire.
1547.- The Dutch statesman Johan van Oldenbarnevelt, the father of the modern Dutch state, was born.
1752.- Britain and its colonies adopted the Gregorian calendar.
1760.- Luigi Cherubini, an Italian composer, was born. He died on March 15, 1842.
1769.- Alexander von Humboldt, German naturalist, geographer and researcher, founder of physical geography, was born. He died on May 6, 1859.
1812.- French Emperor Napoleon I entered Moscow. Moscow was set on fire by the Russians themselves to prevent the wintering and supply of Napoleon's troops.
1829.- After the defeat in the war that started in 1828 against Russia, Turkey in Edirne signed a peace treaty that ceded to Russia the Danube Delta and the Caucasus Black Sea coast.
1847.- After a series of victories in the American-Mexican War, US troops under General Widfield Scott occupied Ciudad Mexico. Under the peace deal, the Mexican government was forced to cede California, Utah, Arizona and New Orleans to a militarily stronger neighbor.
1851.- The American writer James Fenimor Cooper, one of the first writers of a historical novel in American literature, has died. Works: the novels "Spy", "Pilot", "Indians", a series of novels "Deer Hunter", "The Last Mohican", "Scout", "Pioneers", "Prairies".
1852.- The English military leader and statesman Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley Wellington, who became famous for his wars against the French Emperor Napoleon I, has died.
1886.- Czech diplomat Jan Garig Masarik, head of Czechoslovak diplomacy, was born. He committed suicide in March 1948. The motives for the act have not been clarified, but it is known that he was not in favor of the communist regime in power.
1911.- Russian Prime Minister Peter Stolypin was fatally wounded in an assassination attempt at a theater in Kiev. He died four days after the assassination.
1914.- General Erich von Falkenhein replaced General Helmut von Moltke in World War I as Chief of Staff of the German Supreme Command.
1918.- Prof. was born in Prilep. Dr. Dimko Kepeski, one of the founders of the Clinic for Orthopedic Diseases in Skopje. He died in Skopje, on November 27, 1996.
1924.- Arsenij Jovkov, a Macedonian revolutionary and publicist, was killed in the famous September Upper Dzumaja massacres. He devoted his spiritual strength to several areas of culture, most notably journalism. He took part in the Ilinden Uprising. He is the first Macedonian film screenwriter, according to whose script the documentary film "Macedonia on Film" was made in 1923. He was born in the village of Selci, Struga region, on March 25, 1884.
1927.- American ballerina Isidora Duncan was killed in a car accident. She is one of the most important ballerinas of the 20th century.
1928.- Dimitar Geshoski, one of the most famous Macedonian artists, was born in Prilep. In his rich artistic activity he has realized over a hundred theater, television and film characters. He died in Skopje, on October 29, 1989.
1937.- The Czech statesman and philosopher Tomasz Garig Masaryk, the first president of Czechoslovakia from 1918 to 1935 and a professor at the University of Prague, has died. From 1907, as a member of the Austro-Hungarian Parliament, he fought against the regime of the Habsburg Monarchy.
1939.- The "VS-300" helicopter of the Russian designer Igor Sikorski, who emigrated to the United States, performed the first successful helicopter flight in the history of aviation.
1959.- The Soviet Luna 2 became the first spacecraft to land on the moon.
1960.- The meeting of the representatives of the oil producing countries ended in Belgrade, at which a decision was made to establish OPEC (Organization of the Oil Exporting Countries).
1971.- Tomo Vladimiriski, Macedonian academic painter and set designer, died in Skopje. His motives in painting are the people, history and landscapes of Macedonia. He was born in Skopje, on August 26, 1904.
1977.- Leopold Stokowski, an American conductor of Polish descent, a propagandist of contemporary music, one of the most famous conductors in the world, died in Hampshire, England. He was born in London on April 18, 1882.
1982.- The day after the car accident on the Monte Carlo approach, the famous Hollywood artist, Princess Grace Kelly from Monaco, died in France. She was born in Texas in 1928.
1982.- A bomb blast at a Christian party headquarters has killed at least 20 Lebanese President Bashar al-Assad.
1995.- Russian President Boris Yeltsin has refused to sign State Duma laws that would have waived sanctions against Yugoslavia and introduced them against Croatia.
1996.- Pece Atanasoski, Macedonian instrumentalist - bagpiper, died in Prilep. He was born in the village of Dolneni, Prilep region, in 1926.
1996.- Blagoja Nikolovski, Macedonian vocal solo tenor, died. He was born in 1935.
1997.- A fire at an oil refinery in Visakapa, southern India, has killed at least 56 people and killed 81 passengers in central India the same day when an express train fell off a bridge into a river.
1997.- A collision between US and German warplanes over the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Namibia has killed all 22 people on both planes.
2000.- A senior member of the Chinese parliament, Cheng Keji, has been executed on charges of accepting a $ 1949 million bribe. He is the highest-ranking Chinese official to be sentenced to death for corruption since XNUMX.
2001.- Ahmad Shah Masood, Afghanistan's leading guerrilla commander for years against the ruling Taliban, has died after being wounded by a suicide bomber who detonated an explosive device in Masoud's office five days earlier.
2003.- In a referendum, Swedes overwhelmingly opposed the introduction of the euro as the country's official currency.
2003.- The military has taken power in the small West African country of Guinea-Bissau in a coup.
2004.- A car bomb had exploded at an Iraqi police recruiting center at Kisak, west of Baghdad, killing at least 47 people and wounding more than 100 others. Al-Qaeda operative Abu Musab al-Zarqawi claimed responsibility for the attack.
2005.- The most successful Macedonian parachutist in the women's competition Nada Iceva-Saldzieva died in Skopje. She has performed over a thousand parachutes and was a member of the Yugoslav women's parachute team. She is the winner of several international parachute cups and is the national record holder in women's competition in all parachute disciplines. Winner of the highest award of the FAI - International Aviation Federation - "Golden Bear with three diamonds". The Macedonian Olympic Committee in 1998, when it performed its last jump, declared her a Macedonian sports great. She was born in 1934 in the village of Pavleshenci, Sveti Nikole.
2006.- Oriana Fallaci, the most famous Italian journalist, died in Florence. She was born in 1930.
2007.- The International Committee of the Red Cross says at least 150 people have been killed and more than a thousand evacuated due to floods and storms in Africa. The storm hit Ethiopia, Rwanda and Uganda the hardest. The United Nations says floods have affected 500.000 people in 12 African countries and destroyed arable land and homes, and flooded entire cities in some countries.
2009.- American actor Patrick Swayze, who was also known as a great professional dancer, died and started his career in Broadway musicals.
2012.- Dragan Tumanovski, a judge in the Supreme Court of the Republic of Macedonia, died. He completed primary education and high school in Strumica. He graduated from the Faculty of Law in Skopje as the best student of the generation for which he is the winner of the award at the University "St. Cyril and Methodius ”in Skopje. In 1997 he was elected a judge of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Macedonia. Tumanovski was a direct participant in the drafting of several laws in the field of judiciary, led the expertise before the Council of Europe on the Law on Courts, the Criminal Code, the Law on Criminal Procedure and the Law on Civil Procedure. He has published over 100 papers in several professional journals: "Court Review", "Lawyer", "Security", "Review of Criminal Law and Criminology". In 2005 Tumanovski was the winner of the award of the city of Strumica. He is a holder of the Order of Labor with a silver wreath. He was born on November 18.11.1951, XNUMX in Strumica.