On this day - October 11

on today's day
Photo: Instagram

1521.- Pope Leo X awarded King Henry VIII of England the title of "Defender of the Faith" because the king published a book condemning the ideas of the German religious reformer Martin Luther.

1531.- The army of the Swiss Roman Catholic cantons defeated the forces of the city of Zurich and its Protestant allies, and the battle killed the Protestant religious reformer Ulrich Zwingli.

1737.- An earthquake in Calcutta, India, has killed an estimated 300.000 people.

1885.- Francois Charles Moriac, a French writer and publicist, was born in Bordeaux. His most famous novels are "A Child Under the Load of Chains", "Kisses for the Proclaimed", "Black Angels" and many other works. In 1952 he won the Nobel Prize for Literature. He died in Paris on September 1, 1970.

1895.- Jakov Gotovac, a Croatian composer and conductor, was born in Split. He composed operas, choirs, solo songs, symphonic compositions, stage music and more. He is the author of the famous opera "Ero from the other world". He died in Zagreb on October 16, 1982.

1896.- Anton Bruckner, Austrian composer and organist, died in Vienna. He composed symphonies and church music. He was born on September 4, 1824.

1899.- The three-year Boer War between the South African Boer states and Great Britain has begun.

1910.- Ljuben Lape was born in Prilep, a full member of the Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts and a full professor at the Faculty of Philosophy in Skopje. He is one of the most important drivers and founders of Macedonian historiography and archiving, one of the founders of the Faculty of Philosophy in Skopje. He wrote about 200 scientific papers. He died in Skopje, on November 24, 1985.

1941.- In Prilep, fighters of the First Prilep Partisan Squad attacked the Bulgarian police station in the city, the Prilep prison and the telephone and telegraph network. This act marked the beginning of the uprising of the Macedonian people against the Bulgarian occupier, with the aim of finally liberating the country. On October 12, the shots of the Kumanovo partisans were announced. The four-year bloody National Liberation War of the Macedonian people for the final liberation of the country has begun, which ended with success in only one part of Macedonia.

1942.- In the village of Kriva Reka near Bruce, German and Bulgarian troops in World War II closed all the inhabitants of a church and blew it up, killing 320 civilians, mostly women and children.

1945.- In Kralevo, a plane crash killed Pance Nedelkovski, Colonel and Deputy Commander of the General Staff of the National Liberation Army and POJ for Macedonia, Colonel Dimce Turimandzoski and Captain Stevan Tashkov. Pance Nedelkovski is a participant in the First Session of ASNOM. Nedelkovski was born in Skopje, on April 24, 1912.

1946.- The city of Veles (in SR Macedonia) was named Titov Veles, and since September 16, 1996 it bears its old name Veles.

1947.- In honor of the Day of the Uprising of the Macedonian people in Bitola and Stip were organized the first festivals of folk dances, songs and instrumentalists from all over Macedonia.

1953.- In Skopje, the first issue of the illustrated magazine "Macedonia" was published by the House of Immigrants from Macedonia.

1962.- Pope John XXIII opened the Second Vatican Council, the first such gathering since 1870 to announce reforms.

1963.- Ume Jean Cocteau, French writer and painter. He is a writer who went through all the stages of modern art: Cubism, Dadaism, Futurism, Neoclassicism and Surrealism. His stage works include all genres of technique, from pantomime, ballet, and melodrama, to comedies and classical tragedies. He was also the most notable painter who illustrated all his works. From 1955 he was a member of the French Academy of Sciences. He was born on July 5, 1889.

1963.- French singer of Italian descent Edith Piaf, cabaret star and symbol of French chanson, has died. She composed chansons and lyrics for them.

1964.- Directly from the studio of TV Skopje in Nerezi, at 16 pm, the first show-documentary film "Vostanati" made on the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the Ilinden Uprising was broadcast.

1972.- The new building of the National and University Library was inaugurated in Skopje.

1977.  North Yemeni President Colonel Ibrahim al-Hamdi has been assassinated.

1980.- Two Soviet cosmonauts have completed the largest space mission to date, staying 185 days on the Salyut 6 spacecraft.

1988.- The speech of Pope John Paul II was interrupted at the European Parliament in Strasbourg when the British MP from Northern Ireland, the Protestant priest Ian Paisley shouted "antichrist", showing a banner that read "John Paul II antichrist".

1990.- At the "May 1" stadium in Pyongyang, the capital of North Korea, which was attended by 150.000 spectators, the victory of the North Korean national football team over South Korea with a result of 2: 1 was euphorically hailed. It was a historic friendly match, the first home-based sports competition in the divided country.

1993.- At the 86th General Conference of the International Aviation Federation (FAI), held in Tel Aviv, from 11 to 17 October, the Aviation Union of Macedonia (VSM) was accepted as a full member.

1993.- An Islamic terrorist in Oslo wounds Norwegian publisher William Nigard. He published the book "Satanic Verses" by the British writer of Indian origin Salman Rushdie.

1994.- In Antalya, Turkey, at the Fifth International Conference on Security and Cooperation, which was attended by senior officials from NATO member states and CSCE, the Macedonian delegation stressed the interest of the Republic of Macedonia in NATO integration.

1994.- The construction of the railway Kumanovo - Beljakovce - Deve Bair to Bulgaria has started.

1996.- Borislav Trajkovski, Macedonian artist, died. He was born in Bitola, on June 15, 1917.

2002.- A bomb blast at a market in central Helsinki has killed and injured a 19-year-old chemistry student who downloaded a bomb-making instruction from the Internet, killing seven people and wounding 85 others.

2004.- Following Tripoli's decision to give up weapons of mass destruction, the European Union lifted its embargo on Libya.

2004.- Christopher Reeve, an American actor, died in New York. He is best known for his role in the movie "Superman". He was born in 1952.

2005.- In Liberia, Africa's oldest independent state (since 1847), except in Ethiopia, presidential and parliamentary elections have been held, the first since the 14-year civil war.

2007.- Sri Chinmoy, one of the greatest spiritual leaders, poet and peace activist, musician, artist, athlete, founder and organizer of many cultural and humanitarian programs, died in New York. In 2003 he visited Macedonia and held a concert at the Universal Hall in Skopje. He was born in India in 1931.

2012.- This year's winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature is the Chinese writer Mo Yan. In his prose, Mo Yan unites history, story and the modern moment with hallucinatory sharpness. Several books by Mo Jan have been translated into Sweden: The Red Field, The Garlic Ballads, and Simen Nao and His Seven Lives.

2013.- Former SS officer Erich Pribke, the Nazi criminal responsible for one of Italy's biggest massacres, has died in Rome at the age of 101. Pribke was serving a life sentence for the massacre known as the Adriatic Plateau near Rome, in which 1944 men were killed in March 335, most of them young men, including 26 Jews. The crime was committed on the orders of Adolf Hitler, in retaliation for the attacks by Italian partisans on a Nazi barracks in Rome, in which 33 members of the SS were killed. After the war, Pribke retired, working as a teacher in Argentina, and in 1995 was extradited to Italy, where in 1998 he was sentenced to life imprisonment, which in 2003 was commuted to house arrest due to his health condition. The Roman Jewish community protested strongly when Pribke got a job as a translator in 2007, as well as celebrating his 100th birthday.

2018.- The doyen of the Macedonian sports journalism Branko Davidovski died at the age of 88 in Skopje. Among the sports workers, Davidovski was known by the nickname "Mother". Davidovski started playing sports in 1947 during the founding of FC Vardar. He passed all age categories, and played for the senior team. After his football career, he started working as a sports journalist. He left the biggest mark in the Macedonian Radio where he was an editor for many years. He reported on numerous domestic and international sports competitions. After retiring, he worked part-time for the newspapers "Vecer", "Utrinski Vesnik" and "Makedonski Sport".

Video of the day