On this day - September 10

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1526.- The Turkish army under the command of Sultan Suleiman I after the victory over the Hungarians in the Battle of Mohawk, managed to capture Budim, which became the seat of the Buddhist pashalok, a province of the Ottoman Empire for the next 150 years.

1721.- Sweden and Russia peacefully ended the Great Northern War, which began in 1700, in Nystad, Finland, in which Russian Tsar Peter the Great defeated the Swedes and gained access to the Baltic Sea.

1839.- The American philosopher and logician Charles Sanders Pierce, the founder of pragmatism, was born. He believed that ideas could be best explored by exploring the consequences. He did not have a university career, he worked mainly in government services, and his influential collected works were published posthumously.

1855.- Born German archaeologist Robert Coldaway, who explored Babylon from 1889 to 1917 and proved that the biblical metropolis of the Euphrates River, south of Baghdad, did exist.

1905.- Alekso Demnievski-Bauman was born in Veles, a Macedonian fighter in the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) and in the National Liberation War of Macedonia from the end of 1944. In the Spanish Civil War he was the commander of the "Gjuro ковиakovi." Battalion, and then after being promoted to the rank of major he became the commander of the "Georgi Dimitrov" international brigade. In the National Liberation War of Macedonia he was the commander of the Fifteenth Macedonian Strike Corps. He died in Belgrade on September 5, 1961.

1910.- Mirce Stojanov (Dimce Mire) was born in Prilep, a participant in the national liberation movement, a member of the Presidium of ASNOM, President of the National Assembly of the People's Republic of Macedonia, one of the founders of the archival service in Macedonia. He died in Skopje, on September 4, 1991.

1914.- Two-time Oscar-winning American film director Robert Wise was born. Wise began his career as an editor in Orson Welles' Citizen Kane and The Magnificent Ambersons.

1917.- Dragan Tashkovski was born in Skopje, a prominent Macedonian historian, publicist and socio-political worker. He died on Hvar, on September 16, 1980.

1919.- In Saint-Germain, near Paris, a peace treaty was signed between Austria and the victorious powers of the First World War. The peace treaty formally confirmed the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy and Austria and was forbidden to ally with the also defeated Germany. The agreement recognizes the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.

1925.- The first issue of the newspaper "Makedonsko delo", a body of VMRO (United), was published in Paris. He went out to both Berlin and Vienna. The editor-in-chief was Vladimir Pop Tomov, and the editors were Dimitar Vlahov, Jordan Atanasov, Dino Kosev, T. Rilski and others. He implemented the ideas that were the basis of the May Manifesto - the fight against the regimes of Bulgaria, Yugoslavia and Greece, and for an independent Macedonia in a federation of free Balkan peoples.

1939.- The British domination of Canada declared war on Nazi Germany, making the showdown in Europe a world war. Canadian troops fought within the British Army on all fronts in World War II.

1942.- The British Air Force attacked Düsseldorf with 476 aircraft in World War II, dropping about 100.000 bombs.

1943.- After the capitulation of Italy in World War II, the German army occupied Rome.

1944.- In liberated Paris, General Charles de Gaulle, leader of the Free French Army and the Degolist movement, formed the first government of the new Fourth French Republic.

1944.- In Sofia, at the session of the Organizing Committee of the World Mining Congress, the National Organizing Committee of the Republic of Macedonia was accepted as a full member.

1945.- In Norway, Norwegian fascist leader Vidkun Quisling was sentenced to death on charges of treason. In World War II he was prime minister of the puppet government from 1942 to 1945. With his help in 1940 Germany occupied Norway.

1964.- The foreign ministers of the Organization of African Unity, at a meeting in Addis Ababa, approved the plan to end the Congolese civil war.

1967.- The citizens of Gibraltar rejected in a referendum the possibility of annexation to Spain, deciding to remain under British rule.

1974.- Based on the agreement reached in Algeria, Portugal recognized the independence of Guinea under the leadership of President Luis Cabral.

1976.- All 9 people on both planes were killed in a collision between British Airways 'Tradent passenger planes and the Yugoslav company JAT' s DC-176, north of Zagreb.

1979.- Antonio Agustino Neto, an English politician, poet and publicist, one of the most prominent leaders of the Angolan people in the struggle against the Portuguese colonizers, died in Moscow. From 1962 he was president of the People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola, and since the declaration of independence in 1975 - President of the People's Republic of Angola and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces. He was born in 1922.

1981.- The painting "Guernica" by the Spanish painter Pablo Picasso has been returned to Spain. It was painted in 1937, after the Nazi bombing of the town of Grenica in the Spanish Civil War, and has been in New York since 1939. Picasso left a legacy "Guernica" not to be returned until his country becomes a democracy.

1989.- Hungary opened its borders to the West and allowed thousands of East Germans to leave. The mass exodus caused the fall of the Berlin Wall and later the unification of Germany.

1993.- Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin signed the official Israeli recognition of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) in Jerusalem. The ceremony took place after Prime Minister Rabin received a letter from PLO leader Yasser Arafat recognizing Israel, as well as a copy of Arafat's other letter calling for an end to the Intifada.

1994.- In the village of Aracinovo, Skopje region, the cornerstone of the new church “St. Martyr Talaley.

1998.- Alexander Lenin, ethnomusicologist, the first doctor of music sciences in Macedonia, died. He was born in Kavadarci, on October 5, 1908 (or, according to the family in 1906).

1998.- Leaders of pro-British monarchist Protestants and pro-Roman Catholic Republicans in Northern Ireland met face to face for the first time since 1922, but no peace deal was reached in that British province.

2000.- In the Republic of Macedonia, the second local elections were held (after independence) for mayor and members of the municipal councils of 123 municipalities, ie 124 with the mayor and the Council of the City of Skopje.

2002.- Switzerland became the 190th member of the United Nations.

2003.- Swedish Foreign Minister Anna Lindh was stabbed to death in a Stockholm department store by a Swede of Serbian descent. He died the next day.

2007.- At least 37 people have been killed and 150 injured in an explosion on a truck loaded with explosives in northern Mexico. The truck collided with another vehicle, and members of the army, police, rescue services and journalists who were at the scene were killed in the accident.

2007.- Jane Wyman, "Hollywood's last veteran", one of the most exposed and commercial actresses in the 20s and 1914s, won an Oscar at her home in Palm Springs, California, USA. Born in XNUMX.

2011.- The famous Macedonian writer Branko Pendovski died. The playwright Branko Pendovski as a narrator and novelist left behind an opus that has its place in the development processes of contemporary Macedonian literature. For many years he was the editor-in-chief and director of the publishing house "Kultura", and for a certain period he was also the editor of the book publishing house "Kocho Racin". He also participated in the editing of the literary magazine "Razgledi". One term he was president of the Writers' Association of Macedonia. He is the author of the collections of short stories "Game", "Our City" and "Death of the Order", the novel "Stairs", as well as the plays "Students", "Under the Pyramid", "Flood", "Welcome" and others. In 1987, Selected Works of Branko Pendovski were published in three volumes. Born on May 27, 1927 in Kocani.

2013.- Vangel Dereban, one of the most famous Macedonian jewelers, died at the age of 93 in Ohrid. Dereban was born in 1920 in Struga, from where he continues the centuries-old family tradition of blacksmithing and develops the Ohrid filigree. Information and reports about Vangel Dereban were presented by many domestic and foreign journalists and publicists. He is very often represented in the prospectuses and other publications for the promotion of Ohrid and Macedonia. He is also the winner of the prestigious St. Clement Award in Ohrid.

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