Cardiologist reveals: What are the five most common causes of heart attack and how to prevent it

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According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), one person has a heart attack every 40 seconds.

However, by changing lifestyle habits that include healthy eating, smoking cessation and alcohol consumption, we can prevent such an outcome, and this is advised by Dr. Tarak Rambatla, a cardiologist who identifies the five most common causes of heart attack and advises how to prevent it.

Five reasons why a heart attack occurs

According to doctors, these are the most common causes of heart attack:

Uncontrolled risk factors for high blood pressure
- High cholesterol levels
- Ignoring the doctor's advice about taking medication
- History of illness in the family
- Skipping preventive examinations to avoid the risk factor and prevent the disease from occurring

Which causes a heart attack

Doctor Rambatla states that the most significant cause of heart attack is the clogging of the coronary artery cavity itself with a clot at the site of an already existing narrowing with atherosclerotic plaque. However, by tearing off or rupturing part of such a plaque, the movement of blood can float its fragments into the lower, peripheral parts of the blood vessels and completely block them. The size of the heart attack or part of the heart affected by the clogged artery depends primarily on the area that the artery supplies with blood, its branch, and the site of clogging.

Who belongs to the risk group of having a heart attack

"High cholesterol, diabetes, high blood pressure and a family history of disease are risk factors, but it is important to add that not all of these factors should occur, sometimes just one is enough to lead to clogging of blood vessels and heart attack." "the myocardium," says Dr. Rambatla.

How to maintain heart health?

Dr. Rambatla emphasizes how important it is to know what you are up to and that is why it is necessary to go for regular preventive examinations to check your blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol. It is also important to maintain a healthy lifestyle. To maintain the health of your heart, you need to pay attention to proper nutrition and physical activity every day (75 minutes of moderate activity each week), but it is not as difficult as it seems - once you realize how much such habits benefit the whole organism. .

- Get enough sleep, your body will be grateful, and blood pressure and heart rate will be lower.

- Just as you should take every opportunity to take a walk at work, also take half an hour of your time after work and exercise or at least relax.

Research has shown that people who are alone and socially isolated die of heart disease two to three times more often, even when their diet is perfect, than those who do it incorrectly but remain close and connected to others.

- Green tea is full of antioxidants that will not only help you lose weight, but many studies have shown that it lowers cholesterol and blood pressure.

- Omega-3 fatty acids, which are also found in fish, can positively affect the proper functioning of the heart. Flaxseed is also a rich source of omega-3 fatty acids and is a great substitute for those who do not like to eat fish.

- Vegetables such as kale, broccoli, cabbage and Brussels sprouts are a rich source of antioxidants that will keep your blood vessels, arteries and heart healthy.

- Apart from the lungs, cigarettes have a bad effect on the health of the heart and arteries, and even passive smoking has a big impact on your health.

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