Today, the UN General Assembly will vote on the resolution for the Day of Remembrance of the Genocide in Srebrenica

Resolution for Srebrenica/Photo: Screenshot

Today, the General Assembly of the United Nations will vote on a resolution that will declare July 11 as the International Day of Remembrance of the Genocide in Srebrenica and will condemn the denial of the genocide and the glorification of war criminals.

The draft resolution on the International Day of Remembrance of the Genocide in Srebrenica is included in the agenda of the 82nd Plenary Meeting under the item Culture of Peace, at 16:00.

The resolution was proposed by Germany and Rwanda, and sponsored by 34 other countries, including the countries of the Quintet and all the former Yugoslav republics, except Serbia and Montenegro.

In addition to the proponents Germany and Rwanda, the sponsors of the resolution are: Albania, Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, Belgium, BiH, Bulgaria, Chile, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Netherlands, Croatia, Ireland, Iceland, Italy, Jordan, Canada, Liechtenstein , Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Norway, New Zealand, Poland, USA, North Macedonia, Slovenia, Sweden, Turkey, Great Britain and Vanuatu, the draft document states.

The draft resolution recalls the judgments of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in The Hague and the International Court of Justice in The Hague, which characterized the crime in Srebrenica as genocide.

It is also reminded that 2025 marks 30 years since the genocide in Srebrenica in which at least 1995 lives were lost in 8.372.

Stresses the responsibility of States to end impunity for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and other violations of international humanitarian law and international human rights law and to prosecute those responsible for such acts in order to prevent their recurrence and achieve sustainable peace, justice, truth and reconciliation.

Two amendments proposed by Montenegro were inserted into the final text, reiterating that "criminal responsibility under international law for the crime of genocide cannot be applied to any ethnic, religious or other community as a whole," as well as "the firm commitment to maintaining and strengthening unity in diversity in Bosnia and Herzegovina".

The text of the draft resolution A/78/L. 67 as amended, published on the UN website, reads:

Draft resolution

International Day of Commemoration and Remembrance of the Genocide in Srebrenica 1995.

The General Assembly,

Guided by the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide,

Referring to Security Council resolution 819 of 16 April 1993 declaring Srebrenica a safe zone, resolution 827 of 25 May 1993 establishing the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and resolution 1966 of 22 December 2010 on establishing the International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Courts,

Recalling also all the judgments of the ICTY, and especially the eight containing judgments about the crime of genocide against Bosnian Muslims committed in Srebrenica in 1995, above all the judgment of the Appeals Council of the ICTY of April 19, 2004 (the Prosecutor v. Krstic), the judgment of the Appellate Council of the Mechanism of June 8, 2021 (Prosecutor v. Mladic), the judgment of the Appeals Council of the Mechanism of March 20, 2019 (Prosecutor v. Karadzic), as well as the judgment of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) of February 26, 2007, which ruled that the acts committed in Srebrenica constituted acts of genocide,

Reaffirming its strong opposition to impunity for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes or other violations of international humanitarian law and international human rights law and emphasizing in this context the responsibility of States to end impunity and, to that end, thoroughly to investigate and prosecute, in accordance with their relevant international legal obligations and their domestic law, those responsible for such acts, in order to avoid their recurrence and to achieve sustainable peace, justice, truth and reconciliation, for which the participation of victims and survivors as well as their family members is central,

Welcoming the important progress made by international courts in recent years in combating impunity and in ensuring accountability for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and other serious crimes through the international justice system,

Recognizing in this regard the special contribution of the ICTY and emphasizing the importance of the international community being prepared to take collective action through the Security Council, in accordance with the Charter, and on a case-by-case basis to further ensure accountability for genocide and the prevention of genocide,

Reiterating that under international law, criminal responsibility for the crime of genocide is individualized and cannot be attributed to any ethnic, religious or other group or community as a whole,

Bearing in mind the role of the Secretary-General's Special Advisers on the Prevention of Genocide and the Responsibility to Protect and highlighting the importance of regular briefings on violations of human rights and international humanitarian law, as well as on hate speech and encouraging early awareness of potential genocide,

Noting that the prosecution of persons responsible for genocide and other international crimes in national judicial systems, including the Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the ICTY, as well as the Mechanism, remains central to the process of national reconciliation and confidence-building, as well as to the restoration and maintenance of peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and further recognizing that strong regional cooperation among national prosecutions is essential to foster peace, justice, truth and reconciliation among countries in the region,

Reiterating an unwavering commitment to maintaining stability and strengthening unity in diversity in Bosnia and Herzegovina,

Noting also that 2025 will mark the 30th anniversary of the Srebrenica genocide in which at least 8.372 lives were lost, thousands displaced and families and communities destroyed,

1. It is decided to declare July 11 as the International Day of Commemoration and Remembrance of the Genocide in Srebrenica 1995 and to commemorate it every year;
2. Condemn unreservedly any denial of the genocide in Srebrenica as a historical event and call on member states to preserve the established facts, including through their educational systems, by developing appropriate programs, also in remembrance, in order to prevent denial and misinterpretation and the occurrence of genocide in the future;
3. Actions that glorify persons convicted before international courts of war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide, including those responsible for the Srebrenica genocide, are also unreservedly condemned;
4. Emphasizes the importance of completing the process of finding and identifying the remaining victims of the Srebrenica genocide and ensuring a dignified burial for them and calls for the continuation of the prosecution of the perpetrators of the Srebrenica genocide who have yet to face justice;
5. All States are called upon to fully comply with their obligations under the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, as applicable, and customary international law on the prevention and punishment of genocide, with due respect for relevant decisions of the International Court of Justice;
6. Requests the Secretary-General to establish an information program entitled "Genocide in Srebrenica and the United Nations", initiating preparatory activities for the commemoration of the 30th anniversary in 2025, and further requests the Secretary-General to draw attention to this resolution to all member states, organizations of the UN system and organizations of civil society for the purpose of due respect;
7. All member states, organizations of the United Nations system, other international and regional organizations and civil society, including non-governmental organizations, academic institutions and other relevant stakeholders are called upon to observe the International Day, including special commemorations and activities in token of remembrance and commemoration in honor of the victims of the 1995 genocide in Srebrenica, as well as appropriate education and activities to raise public awareness.

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