On this day - September 20

1519 - Portuguese navigator Fernando Magellan, in the service of King Carlo V of Spain, sails from San Lucar, Spain on a five-ship expedition around the world to discover the western route to India and conquer colonies for the Spanish dynasty. In 520 he explored the southeastern coasts of South America and…

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On this day - September 19

1356 - A British army led by the Black Prince, son of King Edward III, defeats King Jean II's French army at the Battle of Poitiers, ending the first phase of the Hundred Years' War between England and France. The same day in 1370 the Black Prince captured and ravaged the city of Limoges. 1551 - King Henry III of France is born, the last…

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On this day - September 18

1753 - Christopher Zhefarovich, one of the earliest Macedonian revivalists, priest, writer, artist, dies in Moscow. He spoke almost all Balkan languages, and knew Latin. He was one of the best and most influential artists in the Balkans. He is the author of the book with religious content "Teaching of the Holy and Newly Founded Language" and "Description of the Holy City of God in Jerusalem", as…

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On this day - September 17

1580 - Birth of the Spanish writer Francisco Gomez de Cavedo and Villegas, a satirist who was occasionally privileged in the palace for his "cunning tongue and poisonous pen" and occasionally persecuted and imprisoned. 1685 - A major plague strikes London, killing an estimated 70.000 people. 1787 - Delegates from 12 of the then 13 states in the United States sign the Constitution, which with additional amendments…

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On this day - September 16

1380 - King Charles V the Wise of France dies. As a regent while his father Jean II was a prisoner of the English, in 1358 he suppressed the great peasant uprising known as Zacharias. During the reign of 1360, after the Hundred Years' War with the British, he managed to gain a large part of the territory that France lost with the catastrophic British Treaty. 1387 - King Henry of England is born…

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On this day - September 15

1776 - During the American War of Independence, British troops under General William Hugh occupy New York. 1786 - Italian physician and naturalist Luigi Galvani discovers a current, which is later named after him - galvanic. 1789 - James Fenimore Cooper, American writer, is born. In the pentology "Leather sock" he depicts the creation of the first settlements on the American border…

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On this day - September 14

1262 - The forces of Castilian King Alfonso X el Sabio capture the port of Cadiz on the Atlantic coast, ending a five-century Moorish occupation of the city. 1321 - Italian writer, philosopher and political thinker Allegheri Durante, known as Dante Alighieri, dies. He studied languages, law and philosophy, and was also involved in politics, due to which he was expelled in 1302…

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On this day - September 13

1506 - The Italian painter and engraver Andrea Mantenja dies, making magnificent frescoes in the churches of the Padua Islands and the Mantova Palace, destroyed in World War II. 1592 - French writer and philosopher Michel Aikvem de Montaigne, reviver of intellectual skepticism and forerunner of free social thought in the 17th and 18th centuries, dies. De Montaigne thought that…

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On this day - September 11

1823 - David Ricardo, English economist, principal of the English Classical School, a proponent of the theory of labor value, dies in London. In 1809 he published the pamphlet The Price of Gold. His most famous work is "Principles of Political Economy". He was born in London on April 19, 1772. 1855 - The siege of Sevastopol, the largest operation in the Crimean War, ends. The British,…

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