Archaeologists baffled by mysterious anomaly buried next to Giza pyramids

Photo: Kateryna Kolesnyk / Panthermedia / Profimedia

Slowly but surely, the soil is bringing its secrets to the surface. Little by little, technology reveals the history that "lies" under the sand. However, even in a well-explored area, some mysteries can baffle experts, writes "The Independent".

Near the Great Pyramids of Egypt, ground-penetrating radar and electrical resistivity tomography have revealed a large two-part structure buried beneath a cemetery that has lain untouched for more than 4.000 years.

Under the Western Cemetery, west of the Great Pyramids, the scanners revealed a shallow structure shaped like the Latin letter "L", measuring 10 by 15 meters and about two meters below the surface.

But underneath it, there seems to be another, much larger structure. At a depth of 3,5 to 10 meters, the room occupies an area of ​​about 100 square meters.

Scientists do not know what kind of structures these are, but their presence could reveal new information about the pyramid complex itself, as well as about its builders.

One part of the Western Cemetery has always been of particular interest to scholars. While most of the cemetery is filled with graves and tombs, one rectangular section is, at least on the surface, barren and featureless.


Led by the archaeologist Motoyuki Sato from Japan's Tohoku University, the Japanese and Egyptian team devoted themselves to studying that particular piece of land.

Depth radar works by sending radio waves into the ground and then measuring them when they bounce back. Materials of different densities and compositions below the surface reflect waves in different ways, meaning this technology can be used to map underground structures and geological formations.

Electrical resistivity tomography works in a similar way by detecting changes in the electrical resistivity of various underground materials.

Using these two techniques, they discovered a variety of shapes that are highly unlikely to have occurred naturally.

The deeper structure is a bit more difficult to study. It appears to be filled with something that repels waves extremely well, like sand, or it is completely empty. Since they can't identify exactly what it is, they've labeled it an "anomaly" for now.

The concordance of the two structures is also significant, as they believe that the shallower part may represent the entrance to the chamber. Given the location of the structure, one explanation is logical.

"From these results we conclude that the structures causing the anomalies could be vertical limestone walls or openings leading to a tomb." Detailed research would be needed to confirm this possibility," the archaeological team concluded in a study published in Archaeological Prospection.

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